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 Excess Whiteness


EW OverviewOne way to measure the effectiveness of legal education is to ascertain how well the law schools are enrolling students from diverse racial backgrounds. The expectation is that a law school will be no Whiter than the LSAC pools and the state population. Excess Whiteness is based on the sum of the excess Whiteness in the national LSAC Pool, the regional, the state LSAC pool, and the state population.

The higher the number, the more White students are in the school than in the applicant pools.  Each pool is reported below. The highest sum of the four pools was 113 points; the lowest was 0; the average was 32, and the median was 29.







  • Historically White law schools had more Excess Whiteness (34 points) than non-historically White law schools (4 points). This difference was statistically significant (p=.000).

  • Public law schools (35 points) had more Excess Whiteness than private law schools (30 points). The difference was statistically significant (p=.172).

  • Law school rankings can be divided into four tiers that in theory, represent the quality and status of a law school. The level of Whiteness is significantly correlated to its tier. Second-tier law schools (40 points) have more Excess Whiteness than fourth-tier law schools (22 points). This difference among tiers is statistically significant (p=.001). 

  • Puerto Rico had the lowest Excess Whiteness (2 points.) and South Carolina and Alabama had the highest (74 points). The difference between states was not statistically significant (p=.110).

  • The ABA-LSAC divides the country into ten regions. The country's region made a difference in law schools with the greatest excess whiteness was the Southeast (43 points) and the region with the lowest was New England (18 points). The difference among regions is statistically significant (p=.002).

 The total percentage of White students in law school was measured against the following pools:

  • The National LSAC Applicant Pool
  • The State LSAC Applicant Pool
  • The Regional LSAC Applicant Pool and
  • The State population. 




Law Schools whose First Year enrollment for white students in 2017-2019 - did not exceed any of the applicant pool or the state population:





Please note you can sort by clicking on the Columns 



Excess Whiteness Database



This database includes all 200 schools. It can be sorted by columns and searched.  Click on a row for additional information.






Charts and Tables